FULL DISCLOSURE: I am an application developer, not a Data Scientist. I believe I can only claim that title after someone legitimately (or on the sly) pays me to "science" their data. Until them I'm just an aspiring amateur with dreams of going pro.
That being said, if the VP came to me tomorrow and (in what could only be defined as a brain-shattering too good to be true request) gave me a whole boatload of data...well, I'd make a go of it.
So I'll answer the questions as I can:
How did you get started in data science?
I watched the House of Cards episode (spoilers for season 3 I suppose) where they introduce the character, googled it and found out it was A LOT of what I was already doing...just with massive volume and this very cool, very complex process towards the end (predictive analytics). Cue some more googling and there you go; a fancy title for being good with data.
What problems do you usually work on?
Again, not in production, so it's Kaggle, Driven Data, metadata from the reporting server at work, OpenData (where I found the KC crime stats). So basically it's anywhere there is data, which is pretty much everywhere nowadays. With IoT (Mirai botnets not withstanding ) that volume is gonna explode even more. Data is everywhere, you just have to reach out, get it, clean it up, and see what there is to see.
What software/technology do you use on daily/weekly/monthly basis?
What are some projects you're working on?
I need to come back to the KC stats and sweep and re-visualize, finish off my Game of Thrones EDA for Kaggle, signed up for the one Driven Data Water table prediction but I'd like to crack that out in Python...and @tim just posted that Twitter thing...what is sleep?
In what direction do you think the industry is headed?
Onward, outward, upward. Without sounding too dramatic; AI, the real deal AI that's still many (IMO) years out, might just be the thing that saves us. You'll have so much data that you'll need algorithms to monitor the algorithms, layer upon layer of testing, training, learning until finally...ding Order Up. It can be about so much more than making money.
What is your education level?
What? Stranger things have happened right?